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updated 5:40 PM UTC, Apr 16, 2017




Glossary List

When Members of the Parliament are debating or examining Bills they often want to change some of the details. They can therefore propose changes or amendments, and debate and vote on them in the House. 

A by-election occurs when a seat in the National Assembly becomes vacant during the lifetime of a Parliament (i.e. between general elections).
The Speaker

is the Chairperson, chief officer and highest authority of the National Assembly. The one who chairs debates between MPs (person who keeps order and calls MPs to speak during any sitting of the National Assembly). She/He must be an MP who has been elected to be Speaker by other Members of Parliament. 
Standing Orders of the House

are the printed rules which regulate procedure, debate and the conduct of members in a legislature.

is the name given to every person who lives within or is eligible to vote in a constituency. The Tanzania is divided into 232 different regions – called constituencies – where the public elect candidates to be their MP.
Government policy

This is a plan of action that the government proposes to take, eg, to ban smoking in all public places.
What's a Whip?

Whips are MPs appointed by each party to help organise their party’s contribution to parliamentary business. One of their responsibilities is making sure the maximum number of their party members vote, and vote the way their party wants. Whip is the key person in parliamentary system. The duties of bringing together member of the same political party and other parties are the prerogative of Whips. Standing Orders recoginse the Office of Chief Whips for both Ruling and Opposition parties, as well as the Assistant Whips for both parties. 
Table or Tabling

When MPs hand in questions, amendments to Bills or notices of motions or when a document is formally placed before the House.
General election

In a general election the adult population of the TANZANIA chooses a candidate to represent each constituency in the House. Every MP has to stand for re-election. They are usually held every five years.
Code of Conduct

helps MPs understand their responsibilities to Parliament and the public. In addition to guidance, the Code also requires all Members to declare outside interest, like paid work or gifts



is a proposal for a new law, or a proposal to change an existing law that is presented for debate before Parliament. Bills are introduced in the House for examination, discussion and amendment. When agreed on the content of a Bill it is then presented to the public for discussion reigning President for approval (known as President Assent). Once President Assent is given a Bill becomes an Act of Parliament and is law. 

is a Bill approved by the House and formally agreed to by the President Assent. Once implemented, an Act is law and applies to country. Act of Parliament creates a new law or changes an existing law.

The official record of everything that is said in the House of Parliament, published on a daily basis.
Order Paper

is document published daily when the session is in progress, listing business in the House

is the highest legislative authority in the United Republic of Tanzania – the institution responsible for making and repealing Tanzania law. The Parliament is a place for reasoned discussion.
Members of the Parliament

are directly elected by the people of the United Republic of Tanzania in General Elections.

is the institution that runs the country. It is also known as the Executive. The Government formulates policy and introduces legislation in Parliament.
Parliament and government

both play a part in forming the laws of the United Republic of Tanzania. They are separate institutions that work closely together.
Who is the Prime Minister?

When the results of a General Election are known the President appoints the Prime Minister who becomes the leader of the Government in the Parliament. The Leader of Government Business in the House is the Prime Minister who is assisted by all Ministers concerned primarily for organising the Business and for providing reasonable facilities for the House to debates matters about which it is concerned. The current Prime Minister is the Hon. Mizengo Kayanza Pinda MP.
What is the Cabinet?

The Ministers of the Government are known as the Cabinet. The President appoints ministers, including the deputy ministers that form the Cabinet, who often work in a government department, and run and develop public services and policies.



Parliamentary Committees

The services of the Speaker and his deputies, and those of the permanent officers who are at the Speaker's disposal are not the only auxiliaries to which the House has recourse for the dispatch of its work: with a view to the efficient performance of its role it is accustomed to Parliament to appoint temporary composite bodies from among its own membership, which we refer to as Committees.